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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 181-188

Foveal hypoplasia and optical coherence tomographic imaging


Department of Ophthalmology, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu, Japan

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Hiroyuki Kondo
1-1, Iseigaoka, Yahatanishiku, Kitakyushu 807-855
Japan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/tjo.tjo_101_18

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Foveal hypoplasia is a retinal disorder in which there is a lack of full development of the morphology of the fovea. The optical coherence tomography (OCT) and functional findings are presented in relation to the underlying genetic and developmental conditions. Recent advancements of high-resolution OCT imaging have unveiled characteristics of foveal hypoplasia that were not detected by conventional imaging methods. An absence of a foveal pit does not necessarily imply poor visual acuity, and the maturation of the cone photoreceptors is important for the visual acuity. Regardless of the degree of the development of the inner retinal layers, the visual acuity can be preserved as in diseases such as Stickler syndrome that is a newly identified retinal disorder associated with foveal hypoplasia.


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