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Comparison of topical cyclosporine alone and topical loteprednol with cyclosporine in moderate dry eye in Indian population: A prospective study

 Department of Ophthalmology, Vardhaman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Mukesh Joshi,
Room No 430, Eye Opd, 4th Floor, New Opd Building, Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi - 110 029
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/tjo.tjo_15_18

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy of topical cyclosporine (Cs) 0.05% alone and topical Cs 0.05% with loteprednol 0.5% in patients with moderate dry eye. STUDY DESIGN: This was a comparative, prospective, interventional study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 140 patients diagnosed with moderate dry eyes were randomly divided into two groups. Group A patients received treatment with topical loteprednol 0.5% started as QID dosage for 2 weeks and tapered to BID dosage over the next 6 weeks, topical Cs 0.05% BID and artificial tears. Group B patients received treatment with topical Cs 0.05% BID and artificial tears. All patients were followed over a period of 6 months with ocular surface disease index (OSDI) questionnaire, tear film break up time (TBUT), corneal fluorescein, and lissamine green staining scores. RESULTS: There was a significant difference in the symptoms and signs of dry eye in the group receiving combination of loteprednol 0.5% and Cs 0.05% as compared to the group receiving Cs alone evident by greater reduction in OSDI score, corneal staining, and improvement in TBUT and Schirmer's test values over a follow-up of 6 months. CONCLUSION: Combination therapy with topical loteprednol and Cs is significantly better than topical Cs alone on alleviating symptoms and signs in moderate dry eye patients.

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