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Alteration of expression pattern of transient receptor potential vanilloid 2 and transient receptor potential vanilloid 3 in ocular surface neoplasm

1 Department of Ophthalmology, Kihoku Hospital, Wakayama Medical University, Wakayama, Japan
2 Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, Wakayama Medical University, Wakayama, Japan
3 School of Ophthalmology and Optometry, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, China

Correspondence Address:
Yuka Okada,
Department of Ophthalmology, Wakayama Medical University School of Medicine, 811-1 Kimiidera, Wakayama, 641-0012
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/tjo.tjo_12_20

PURPOSE: We determined if the immunohistochemical expression pattern of transient receptor potential vanilloid (TRPV) family members and TRP ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) differs among a healthy conjunctival epithelium and diseased epithelia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Subjects include a normal conjunctival epithelium, pterygium epithelium, epithelial dysplasia or carcinoma in situ. RESULTS: TRPV1, TRPV4 or TRPA1 was detected in both the cytoplasm and nuclei, or in either the nuclei or cytoplasm, of these different epithelial layers, respectively. There was no difference in the expression pattern of these three TRP isoforms. On the other hand, the expression patterns of TRPV2 and TRPV3 differed dramatically among these different subjects. TRPV2 was observed in the basal layer epithelium of a normal conjunctiva and pterygium. Its pattern was scattered in this region, although TRPV2 was absent throughout most of the dysplastic epithelium. TRPV2 was detected only in some of the suprabasal epithelial cells of a carcinoma in situ. TRPV3 was faintly detected in the cytoplasm of all the cell layers and also in the nuclei of some of the basal cells in a normal conjunctiva and in the pterygia epithelium, while in situ it was uniformly expressed in all of the dysplasia and carcinoma nuclei in all epithelial cell layers. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that TRPV2 and TRPV3 expression pattern analysis might be potential diagnostic markers of ocular surface epithelial disorders.

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