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CASE REPORT
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A child with a rare presentation of ocular bartonellosis


1 Department of Ophthalmology, Hospital Selayang, Batu Caves, Selangor; Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medical Sciences, Health Campus , Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia
2 Department of Ophthalmology, Hospital Selayang, Batu Caves, Selangor, Malaysia
3 Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medical Sciences, Health Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia

Correspondence Address:
Khairy Shamel Sonny Teo,
Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medical Sciences, Health Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan
Malaysia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/tjo.tjo_29_20

A 6-year-old boy was referred from the optometrist for bilateral painless blurred vision of 2 weeks duration during routine screening. Upon examination, best-corrected visual acuity was 20/200 (right eye) and 20/120 (left eye). Anterior segment examination was normal for both eyes. Funduscopy showed bilateral optic disc swelling with peripapillary exudates and diffuse retinochoroiditis involving the posterior pole. Optical coherence tomography revealed diffuse retinal thickening with intraretinal fluids and cystoid changes of central fovea. Fluorescein angiography showed bilateral hot discs with vasculitis in all quadrants and large areas of nonperfusion at peripheral retina. The patient was initially treated as presumed ocular tuberculosis (TB) based on clinical presentation and history of contact with family member having pulmonary TB. Antituberculous therapy was started and both eyes received panretinal laser photocoagulation. After 3 weeks of anti-TB treatment, serology for Bartonella turned out to be positive. Treatment was changed to intravenous ceftriaxone for 10 days followed by oral cotrimoxazole for 6 weeks and combined treatment with oral prednisolone. Gradual clinical improvement was seen with corresponding visual gain due to the reduction of macular edema, but residual thickening remained due to its chronicity.


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    -  Shariffudin NS
    -  Min TW
    -  Adnan A
    -  Hashim H
    -  Teo KS
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